MUST WATCH: The History of Israel/Palestine Conflict in 3 min as Never Seen Before

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This Land Is Mine from Nina Paley on Vimeo.

Nina Paley created this animated history of the land that was at one time called Israel, Palestine, Canaan and the Levant. She even created this viewer’s guide to make sense of what’s happening.

Who’s Killing Who? A Viewer’s Guide

Because you can’t tell the players without a pogrom!

Early Man


Early Man
This generic “cave man” represents the first human settlers in Israel/Canaan/the Levant. Whoever they were.
Canaanite


Canaanite
What did ancient Canaanites look like? I don’t know, so this is based on ancient Sumerian art.
Ancient Egyptian


Egyptian
Canaan was located between two huge empires. Egypt controlled it sometimes, and…
Assyrian


Assyrian
….Assyria controlled it other times.
Israelite


Israelite
The “Children of Israel” conquered the shit out of the region, according to bloody and violent Old Testament accounts.
Babylonian


Babylonian
Then the Baylonians destroyed their temple and took the Hebrews into exile.
Macedonian/Alexander



Macedonian/Greek
Here comes Alexander the Great, conquering everything!
Greek


Greek/Macedonian
No sooner did Alexander conquer everything, than his generals divided it up and fought with each other.
Ptolmaic


Ptolemaic
Greek descendants of Ptolemy, another of Alexander’s competing generals, ruled Egypt dressed like Egyptian god-kings. (The famous Cleopatra of western mythology and Hollywood was a Ptolemy.)
Seleucid


Seleucid
More Greek-Macedonian legacies of Alexander.

Hebrew Priest
Hebrew Priest
This guy didn’t fight, he just ran the Second Temple re-established by Hebrews in Jerusalem after the Babylonian Exile.
Maccabee
Maccabee
Led by Judah “The Hammer” Maccabee, who fought the Seleucids, saved the Temple, and invented Channukah. Until…

Roman

Roman
….the Romans destroyed the Second Temple and absorbed the region into the Roman Empire…
Byzantine


Byzantine
….which split into Eastern and Western Empires. The eastern part was called the Byzantine Empire. I don’t know if “Romans” ever fought “Byzantines” (Eastern Romans) but this is a cartoon.

Caliph


Arab Caliph
Speaking of cartoon, what did an Arab Caliph look like? This was my best guess.
Crusader


Crusader
After Crusaders went a-killin’ in the name of Jesus Christ, they established Crusader states, most notably the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
Egyptian Mamluk


Mamluk of Egypt
Wikipedia sez, “Over time, mamluks became a powerful military caste in various Muslim societies…In places such as Egypt from the Ayyubid dynasty to the time of Muhammad Ali of Egypt, mamluks were considered to be “true lords”, with social status above freeborn Muslims.[7]” And apparently they controlled Palestine for a while.

Ottoman Turk

Ottoman Turk
Did I mention this is a cartoon? Probably no one went to battle looking like this. But big turbans, rich clothing and jewelry seemed to be in vogue among Ottoman Turkish elites, according to paintings I found on the Internet.
Arab


Arab 
A gross generalization of a generic 19-century “Arab”.

British
British
The British formed alliances with Arabs, then occupied Palestine. This cartoon is an oversimplification, and uses this British caricature as a stand-in for Europeans in general.
Palestinian


Palestinian
The British occupied this guy’s land, only to leave it to a vast influx of….
European Jew/Zionist

European Jew/Zionist
Desperate and traumatized survivors of European pogroms and death camps, Jewish Zionist settlers were ready to fight to the death for a place to call home, but…
Hezbollah


PLO/Hamas/Hezbollah….so were the people that lived there. Various militarized resistance movements arose in response to Israel: The Palestinian Liberation OrganizationHamas, and Hezbollah.
State of Israel



Guerrilla/Freedom Fighter/TerroristState of IsraelBacked by “the West,” especially the US, they got lots of weapons and the only sanctioned nukes in the region.

Guerrilla/Freedom Fighter/TerroristSometimes people fight in military uniforms, sometimes they don’t. Creeping up alongside are illicit nukes possibly from Iran or elsewhere in the region. Who’s Next?
Angel of Death



and finally…
The Angel of Death
The real hero of the Old Testament, and right now too.




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